Many of my publications have a post on this site. You can view the publication on this site, or you can explore all content — publications and blog posts — by theme:

Key publications

I’ve also created an overview of my key publications — those I consider most important regardless of how or where they were published.

Google Scholar

My Google Scholar profile lists all my publications ordered by citations.

PRIO staff page

My staff page at PRIO has a complete list of publications, ordered by type.

Open access

Most of the journals in migration studies are funded by subscriptions. Whenever possible, I cover the cost of publishing my articles in these journals with open access. When this is not possible, I seek to make accepted manuscript available. Please let me know if there is a publication you cannot obtain on your own.

 Below is a list of my publications until 2014.

  • Carling, Jørgen (2014) ‘Scripting remittances: making sense of money transfers in transnational relationships.’ International Migration Review, 48(s1): S218-S262.
  • Carling, Jørgen and Pettersen, Silje Vatne (2014) ‘Return Migration Intentions in the Integration–Transnationalism Matrix.’ International Migration (online ahead of print).
  • Horst, Cindy, Erdal, Marta Bivand, Carling, Jørgen and Afeef, Karin (2014) ‘Private money, public scrutiny? Contrasting perspectives on remittances.’ Global Networks, 14(4): 514-532.
  • Carling, Jørgen; Erdal, Marta Bivand and Ezzati, Rojan (2014) ‘Beyond the insider–outsider divide in migration research.’ Migration Studies, 2(1): 36-54.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2013) Carling, Jørgen (2013) Ensuring the welfare of children who stay when parents migrate. PRIO Policy Brief, 2013/8. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen and Tønnessen, Marianne (2013) ‘Fathers’ whereabouts and children’s welfare in Malawi.’ Development Southern Africa, 30(6) 724-742.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2013) Who wants to go to Europe? Results from a large-scale survey on migration aspirations. PRIO Policy Brief, 2013/4. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen; Fall, Papa Demba; Hernández-Carretero, María; Sarr, Mame Yacine and Wu, Jennifer (2013) Migration aspirations in Senegal: Who wants to leave and why does it matter? European Policy Brief. Brussels: European Commission.
  • Carling, Jørgen and Hoelscher, Kristian (2013) ‘The Capacity and Desire to Remit: Comparing Local and Transnational Influences.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39(6): 939-958.
  • Åkesson, Lisa; Carling, Jørgen and Drotbohm, Heike (2012) ‘Mobility, moralities and motherhood: navigating the contingencies of Cape Verdean lives.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 38(1): 237-260.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2012) ‘Collecting, analysing and presenting migration histories.’ in Vargas-Silva, Carlos (ed.) Handbook of Research Methods in Migration. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 137-162.
  • Carling, Jørgen; Erdal, Marta Bivand and Horst, Cindy (2012) ‘How does conflict in migrants’ country of origin affect remittance-sending? Financial priorities and transnational obligations among Somalis and Pakistanis in Norway.’ International Migration Review, 46(2): 283-309.
  • Carling, Jørgen; Menjívar, Cecilia and Schmalzbauer, Leah (2012) ‘Central themes in the study of transnational parenthood.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 38(1):55–72.
  • Hernández-Carretero, María and Carling, Jørgen (2012) ‘Beyond “kamikaze migrants”: Risk taking in West African boat migration to Europe.’ Human Organization, 71(4): 407–416.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2011) ‘The European paradox of unwanted immigration.’ in Burgess, J.P. and Gurtwirth, S. (eds) Security, Migration, Integration. Brussels: Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) Press, 33-46.
  • Carling, Jørgen and Hernández-Carretero, María (2011) ‘Protecting Europe and protecting migrants? Strategies for managing unauthorized migration from Africa.’ British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 13(1): 42-58.
  • Carling, Jørgen; Mortensen, Elin Berstad and Wu, Jennifer (2011) A Systematic Bibliography on Return Migration. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
  • Ersanilli, Evelyn; Carling, Jørgen and de Haas, Hein (2011) Methodology for quantitative data collection. EUMAGINE Project Paper, 6A. Antwerp: University of Antwerp.
  • Horst, Cindy; Carling, Jørgen and Ezzati, Rojan (2010) Immigration to Norway from Bangladesh, Brazil, Egypt, India, Morocco and Ukraine. PRIO Paper. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen and Åkesson, Lisa (2009) ‘Mobility at the heart of a nation. Patterns and meanings of Cape Verdean migration.’ International Migration, 47(3): 123-155.
  • Batalha, Luís and Carling, Jørgen, eds (2008) Transnational Archipelago. Perspectives on Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2008) ‘The human dynamics of migrant transnationalism.’ Ethnic and Racial Studies, 31(8): 1452-1477.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2008) ‘Towards a demography of immigrant communities and their transnational potential.’ International Migration Review, 42(2): 449-475.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2008) ‘The determinants of migrant remittances.’ Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 24(3): 582-599.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2008) ‘Cape Verdeans in the Netherlands.’ in Batalha, L. and Carling, J. (eds) Transnational Archipelago. Perspectives on Cape Verdean Migration and Diaspora. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 91-100.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2008) Policy Challenges Facing Cape Verde in the Areas of Migration and Diaspora Contributions to Development. PRIO Paper. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen (2008) ‘Interrogating remittances: Core questions for deeper insight and better policies.’ in Castles, S. and Wise, R.D. (eds) Migration and Development: Perspectives from the South. Geneva: International Organization for Migration, 43-64.
  • Carling, Jørgen and Haugen, Heidi Ø. (2008) ‘Mixed Fates of a Popular Minority: Chinese Migrants in Cape Verde.’ in Alden, C., Large, D. and de Oliveira, R.S. (eds) China Returns to Africa. A Rising Power and a Continent Embrace. London: Hurst & Company, 319-337.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2007) ‘Migration control and migrant fatalities at the Spanish-African borders.’ International Migration Review, 41(2): 316–343.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2007) ‘Unauthorized migration from Africa to Spain.’ International Migration, 45(4): 3-37.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2007) The Merits and Limitations of Spain’s High-Tech Border Control. Migration Information Source. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2007) European Strategies for Reducing ‘Unwanted’ Immigration. DIIS Brief. Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2007) ‘Interrogar a las remesas: perguntas centrales para reflexiones más profundas y políticas más adecuadas.’ in Castles, S. and Wise, R.D. (eds) Migración y desarrollo: perspectivas desde el sur. México D.F.: Miguel Ángel Porrua, 51-73.
  • Carling, Jørgen; Erdal, Marta Bivand; Horst, Cindy and Wallacher, Hilde (2007) Legal, Rapid and Reasonably Priced? A Survey of Remittance Services in Norway. PRIO Report, 2007/3. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen (2006) Migration, Human Smuggling and Trafficking from Nigeria to Europe. Migration Research Series, 23. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2005) Migrant remittances and development cooperation. (Commissioned by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation), PRIO Report 1/2005. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen (2005) ‘Incorporating Insights from Migration Research into Policy on Remittances.’ in OECD (ed.) Migration, Development and Remittances. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 289-296.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2005) Fra Nigeria til Europa. Innvandring, menneskesmugling og menneskehandel. Report to the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).
  • Carling, Jørgen (2005) Gender dimensions of international migration. Global Migration Perspectives, 35. Geneva: Global Commission on International Migration.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2005) ‘Incorporer certains enseignements des recherches sur la migration dans les politiques des transferts de fonds.’ in OCDE (ed.) Migrations, transferts de fonds et développement. Paris: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE), 309-316.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2005) Trafficking in Women from Nigeria to Europe. Migration Information Source. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
  • Haugen, H. Ø. and Carling, Jørgen (2005) ‘On the edge of the Chinese diaspora: The surge of baihuo business in an African city.’ Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28(4): 639-662.
  • Haugen, Heidi Ø. and Carling, Jørgen (2005) ‘Sie wagen und gewinnen. Chinesische Händler in Afrika.’ Der Überblick: Zeitschrift für ökumenische Begegnung und internationale Zusammenarbeit, 41(4): 19-23.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2004) Policy options for increasing the benefits of remittances. COMPAS Working Paper, 04-08. Oxford: Centre on Migration, Policy and Society, University of Oxford.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2004) ‘Innvandrere prioriterer å sende penger til familien.’ Samfunnsspeilet, 18(6): 53-63.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2004) ‘Emigration, Return and Development in Cape Verde: The Impact of Closing Borders.’ Population, Space and Place, 10(2): 113-132.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2004) ‘Transnazionalismo “olandese-capoverdiano”. Denaro, culture e parentela ‘ Afriche e Orienti, 6(1-2): 186-202.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2003) ‘Cartographies of Cape Verdean transnationalism.’ Global Networks, 3(4): 335-341.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2002) Cape Verde: Towards the End of Emigration? Migration Information Source, November. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
  • Carling, Jørgen (2002) ‘Migration in the age of involuntary immobility: Theoretical reflections and Cape Verdean experiences.’ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(1): 5-42.
  • Carling, Jørgen, ed. (2002) Nordic demography: Trends and differentials. Oslo: Unipub forlag/Nordic Demographic Society.
  • Carling, Jørgen (1999) Arbeidsinnvandring og familiegjenforening 1967-1980. En oversikt med hovedvekt på statistikk. Bergen: Norges forskningsråd and Senter for kulturstudier.
  • Carling, Jørgen (1999) ‘Innenlandsk flyttemønster 1977-1998: Grå og grønne bølger.’ Samfunnsspeilet, 13(6): 37-42.
  • Carling, Jørgen (1999) Sentraliseringstendenser i innenlandsk flytting mellom økonomiske regioner. Utviklingen 1977-1998 og forutsetninger om fram- skrivingsperioden 1999-2050. Notater, 1999/67. Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  • Carling, Jørgen (1997) ‘Figuring out the Cape Verdean diaspora.’ Cimboa, 4(2): 3-9.
  • Carling, Jørgen (1997) ‘Flytting og befolkningsutvikling: Innvandring demper eldrebølgen ‘ Samfunnsspeilet, 11(4): 36-44.
  • Carling, Jørgen (1996) International Labour Migration: Consequences for countries of origin. Occasional Paper #21, Human Geography. Oslo: Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo.